Rostov-on-Don has a unique, unparalleled look because of its rich historical and cultural ancestry. Location on the right bank of the kindly river Don and a crossroad of trade routes determined Rostov’s merchant destiny, motley traditions and its inhabitants’ free spirit. Today it is a capital of South Russia, its commercial, educational and scientific center, very modern and dynamic city. And still, as in the XIX century, your eye is caught by the old houses on Bolshaya Sadovaya street, golden cathedral domes, market rich with food. During your tour you will cross the border of Europe and Asia, see the world-famous architectural masterpiece – the Gorky Drama Theatre, feel the local colour, resting in the shades of chestnuts and poplars, filling the quiet inner yards and parks.
During the excursion you will learn that today’s central square is the spot where once was a border between two towns – Russian and Armenian. Passing the former Armenian settlement of Nakhichevan-on-Don, you will open one of the most interesting pages of Don history: the stages of Armenian migration, their contribution to the region’s economy, customs, traditions and distinctive culture. You will hear about the crucibles that Rostov inhabitants shared in the Great Patriotic War. It is widely known as the place where the Soviet Army went on the offensive. The excursion will end with the stroll along the pedestrian Pushkinskaya street – the chronicle in stone. This is where the old merchant palaces neighbor with the Soviet period party elite residences and modern stylish office buildings of glass and concrete, drowning in the green of lime trees, acacias and poplars. Magnificent examples of park sculpture supplement the architectural ensemble.
You can also visit:
Rostov State Museum of Regional Studies is one of the largest museums in Russia. If you would like to see the biggest beluga ever caught, get astonished in front of the Amazons’ golden jewelry, visit music saloon of the XIX-XX centuries and hear the voice of the music boxes made in Rostov, think about the tragic destiny of the leaders of the Civil War’s White and Red Armies, learn about the distinction of the New Economic Policy in the Don Region, honor the memory of the warriors and civilians fallen in the World War II, you should pay a visit.
Rostov State Museum of Fine Arts is located in the historical center of the city, in Pushkinskaya Street, one of the city’s most beautiful ones. Museum consists of several branches - the departments of the Russian art of XVII – XX centuries, the foreign art and the modern Russian art. Its collection is amounted to approx. 6000 pieces of painting, printmaking, sculpture and decorative arts. Museum reserves have all the major European schools of the XVII – XIX centuries: Italian, Dutch, Flemish, French, German. Foreign Art department also contains works of the Japanese and Chinese masters of sculpture and decorative arts.
Rostov Museum of the Railway Engineering, situated in the Gnilovskaya Station, was opened on August, 1st, 2003. Every once in a while vintage locomotives are started to make their sightseeing trips around Rostov. Museum presents more than 60 exhibits, which demonstrate the history of the Don railway transport – 14 steam locomotives, some of which constructed prior to the World War II, 2 old parlor cars, 11 freight cars, 5 electric locomotives, 4 diesel locomotives, captured German rolling stock and many more. The oldest exhibit is more than 125 years old.