Taganrog is the second largest locality of Rostov Region. It is situated on the shore of the Sea of Azov in 70 km from Rostov-on-Don. It is the cradle of the Russian Navy and one of the most important ports in the XIX century. Taganrog is the native place of the great writer Anton Chekhov. In this seaside town he spent his childhood and youth, which shaped him as a human being. In the town there are more than 20 monuments and remarkable places, connected with the writer’s name. The excursion route goes through the town center, which is now a historical and architectural reserve area, with the whole blocks of old merchant mansions remain standing. The most notable ones include the Chekhov Drama Theater with its hall which is the exact copy of the one of Milano’s La Scala and the Alferaki Palace, built upon the project of A. Stackenschneider, the author of the Mariinsky theatre in Saint Petersburg.
You can visit:
Taganrog state literature, historical and architectural museum-reserve is one of the biggest museum association of Rostov Region. It includes 7 museums, which tell you about Taganrog’s history and culture and A. Chekhov’s life and works. These are:
Literature museum, located in the building of men’s classic gymnasium, which was attended by A. Chekhov. It was built in 1843 upon the project of F. Boffo in Russian classicistic country style;
Chekhovs’ house – the oldest museum dedicated to A. Chekhov, opened in 1926. P. Chekhov, Anton’s father, had lived in this house with his family from 1859 to 1861.
Alferaki Mansion – architectural monument of federal significance, hosting the Local History museum organized at the suggestion of A. Chekhov. The building was designed in 1848 by the famous Saint Petersburg architect A. Stackenschneider for the rich Russian-Greek merchant N. Alferaki. Its façade is decorated with stucco and four Corinthian pillars, which make it look like a palace.
Chekhov Shop is located in a small 1840s two-storey erection. The museum’s exhibition presents the interiors of P. Chekhov’s shop, family members’ bedrooms, original works of Nikolai Chekhov, Anton’s brother, who was a talented artist, as well as the documents and photos of the family.
Taganrog Architectural Development Museum – is an arhitectural pearl of Taganrog. It was built in 1912 by A. Chekhov’s friend F. Schechtel in modern style for Y. Sharonov, local corn merchant.
I. Vasilenko Museum – built in 1858, the house belonged to the famous Soviet children’s writer. Exposition in his cabinet tells about his family and works, social and private life.
A. Durov Museum – built in modern style in 1900, this mansion contains exhibition devoted to Anatoly Durov, renowned animal trainer, one of the most notable members of the world-famous Durov dynasty. It tells about his career, training methods, numerous tours around Russia and Europe and the international recognition of his talent.